Dr Iqbal Malik is a leading London specialist in treating Aortic Stenosis
What is Aortic Stenosis?
Aortic stenosis is the most commonly reported valve problem. It is most prevalent in the over 65 age group and is largely due to degeneration of the valve over time. This calcification eventually causes a narrowing in the valve orifice. When this happens the heart has to work harder to pump blood to the body.
Symptoms of Aortic Stenosis
A narrowed aortic valve, the outflow valve to the heart, can lead on to symptoms of breathlessness, chest pain and blackouts.
- Breathlessness- is a sign that the heart is failing- it is the most serious symptoms with aortic stenosis
- Chest pain- can occur even if the coroary arteries are normal. The heart muscle can ne thickened as the heart is straining against a fixed obstruction
- Blackouts- especially with exertion
It is a serious condition that tablets alone will not help. We can assess the severity of the condition and advise you on the need for open surgery (aortic valve replacement or AVR, or a less invasive percutaneous procedure (TAVI ).
Investigating Aortic Stenosis
If it is suspected that you have aortic stenosis you may need investigations:
- Blood testst
- CT scanning
- Coronary angiography is usually not needed
- Lung function
There is no medical therapy (medication) to treat aortic stenosis which leaves valve replacement as the only option. We concentrate on assessment and re-assessment on a regular basis, primarily through echocardiography, whilst watching out for the important symptoms suggesting deterioration in your condition.