Aortic Stenosis: Causes, Symptoms & Treatments

Learn what aortic stenosis is with Dr Malik – one of the UK’s leading cardiologists. Understand the causes, symptoms and treatments in simple terms. if diagnosed, we’ll advise if you need a valve replacement and help get the quality of your life back.

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What is aortic stenosis?

Aortic stenosis is the most commonly reported valve problem. It’s more common in those who are aged 65+ and is usually caused by degeneration of the valve over time. This calcification eventually causes a narrowing in the valve orifice. When this happens, the heart has to work hard to pump blood around the body. It can happen at a younger age, and you can also be born with an abnormal valve.


A narrowed aortic valve (the outflow valve to the heart) can cause the following symptoms:

  • Breathlessness: This is a sign that the heart is failing. It’s the most serious symptom to look our for.
  • Chest Pain: This can occur even if the coronary arteries are normal. The heart muscle can be thickened as the heart is straining against a fixed obstruction.
  • Blackouts: Especially with exertion.

Investigating aortic stenosis

If it’s suspected that you have aortic stenosis, you may need the following investigations:


There’s no medical therapy (medication) to treat aortic stenosis, so valve replacement is the only option.

You’ll likely need either:

If you’re diagnosed, we’ll carry out regular assessments to assess disease severity and check for worsening of symptoms.

Ready to book a consultation?

Whether you suspect you may have aortic stenosis or already have a diagnosis but need a check-up, book your consultation with Dr Malik today. He’ll be more than happy to see you.

Get seen quickly

As we’re a private clinic, your appointments work around you. You’ll soon have the answers you need. Start a proper treatment plan and get the quality of your life back.



Aortic stenosis investigations are covered by most private medical insurance policies, but please contact your insurance company prior to your appointment to obtain your pre-authorisation code to speed things up.


Our price list is available on request and is on display in our waiting area. For an estimation of costs please get in touch.

Why choose London Cardiovascular Clinic?

We offer a patient-centred approach, so you’ll feel looked after and have all your questions answered.

  • Choose from our flexible appointment times and get seen at your convenience
  • personalised treatment plans
  • Get your consultancy & treatment from London’s top cardiologist
  • You’ll experience a much more welcoming and relaxing experience at our private clinic that you would elsewhere
  • Access video resources to help you further understand your condition and the procedures involved


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